| Effects of Meat Consumption on Obesity in Saudi Arabia Essay Good thesis writing Essay done for you

a) Research Topic

Obesity is a prevalent problem in Saudi Arabia. According to the statistics released by the World Health Organization, one in every three Saudi citizens is obese. About 29% of all Saudi males and 37 percent of Saudi females are obese (World Health Organization, 2009). Studies conducted between 2005 and 2008 by health institutions in Saudi Arabia revealed that one in every ten children and teenagers were obese (Moreno, 2011). Health experts warn that the number of obese related deaths is matching the number of deaths that result from smoking. This is because obesity causes diseases such as cancer, gout, diabetes, coronary heart diseases and high blood pressure. The main factor that has contributed to the high rates of obesity among the Saudi Arabian citizens is their unhealthy lifestyles. In addition, the number of fast foods in Saudi Arabia has been increasing, thus encouraging Saudi Arabians to eat junk food. Most Saudi Arabians do not engage in exercise activities and it makes them become obese. Researchers have not adequately covered how overconsumption of meat in Saudi Arabia contributes to obesity. This study seeks to investigate whether overconsumption of meat in Saudi Arabia has caused high obesity rates in this country to increase.

b) Research Statement

Understanding the factors that cause the increase in obesity in Saudi Arabia is a key factor in reducing the increase in obesity rates in this country. Most people in Saudi Arabia thought that obesity was genetically transmitted and thus it could not be prevented (Hochberg, Mead, Levine and Klag, 1995). Such people do not know that the type of food that they eat contribute to obesity. The national dish in this country is Kabsa containing the meat of sheep. In addition, Saudi Arabia is the biggest importer of chicken. The main aim of this study is to find if there is a direct correlation between meat consumption and increase in obesity rates in Saudi Arabia.

c) Justification

The obesity rates in Saudi Arabia would decrease if all the citizens knew that consumption of meat increases the chances of a person becoming obese (Sakamaki, Toyama, Amamoto and Shinfuku, 2005). Diseases that are related to obesity would therefore be reduced in this country. Cases of diabetes or heart failure would decrease because people will be consuming vegetables and fruits instead of eating goat or sheep meat.

Research Objectives

To examine whether consumption of meat in Saudi Arabia exposes the citizens in this country to the risk of being obese.
To provide the decision-makers in this country with relevant information about effects of meat consumption to the risk of obesity so that they can formulate policies regarding meat consumption in this country.
To provide non-governmental and governmental agencies in Saudi Arabia with recommendations that would help to reduce the rate of obesity in this county



The participants in this study will be both male and female citizens living in Saudi Arabia. The inclusion criteria for these participants will be that they should love to eat meat. Vegetarians will not be included in this study. Moreover, the participants have to be 18 years old because it is difficult to obtain consent from parents on the participation of underage children in the project. Mails will be sent to all the participants requesting them to participate in the study. All the participants who will accept invitation will be contacted to confirm their consent.

Sampling Frame

The sampling frame will include both male and female Saudi Arabian citizens aged between 18 and 60 years. This is because most obese people in Saudi Arabia are 18-60 years old. The participants will be recruited using multistage sampling procedure and they will be from Ar-Riyadh, Jeddah, Makkah and Al-Madinah. Selections of participants for the study will be made trough systematic sampling method. The sample size for this research is 400 participants. A large sample size will help to reduce sampling errors, thus ensuring that the data collected from this study is unbiased and reliable (Ostrom & Wilhemsen, 2012).

Actual Methods

The research design adopted by this study is a quantitative study. The independent variable in this study is consumption of meat in Saudi Arabia while the dependent variable is obesity in Saudi Arabia. Quantitative study was chosen due to several reasons. One of the major reasons is that it avoids personal bias. The researchers are not allowed to make judgment or conclusions concerning any data collected, therefore avoiding any form of bias (Ostrom & Wilhelmsen, 2012). In addition, the data collected through quantitative study is more objective and accurate compared to the data collected through qualitative means. Procedures involved while collecting data through qualitative means are prescribed to ensure that their validity and reliability are maintained. Researchers also prefer quantitative study because it is easier to replicate such research and analyze it with similar research done by other researchers. It is also the most appropriate type of study when the number of participants is large, since it allows for easy generalization of results.

This research also adopted a cross-sectional study. In this form of study, the researcher concentrates on different groups of people differing in a particular variable of interest but sharing a common characteristic. In the study of whether eating meat causes obesity in Saudi Arabia, the common characteristics will be provided by Saudi Arabian citizens. Differing variables include age and gender of the participants. The major characteristics of cross-sectional study include that it takes place at a single point of time. In addition to this, the variables in a cross-sectional study are not manipulated in order to achieve the desired results (Carr, 2008).

The method used for collecting data from the study is open-ended questionnaires. The questionnaires will be delivered to the participants by trained personnel. Questionnaires are effective in data collection because responses are gathered in one standardized way (Andersen, 2011). It helps in ensuring that objectivity and certainty is achieved on the data collected. In addition, collection of data using questionnaires is quicker, thus it is cost saving. Moreover, the sample size is large and the participants are distributed in four cities of Saudi Arabia making it cheaper to administer questionnaires to them. However, there is a risk that some of the participants will not return the questionnaires. Furthermore, some of them may give dishonest responses.

Type of assignmentWriter levelTitle of your paperPages
Essay Term paper Coursework Research paper Research proposal Grant Proposal Case Study Case Brief Discussion Board Post Reaction paper Response paper Literary analysis Article Review Article Critique Movie Review Movie Critique Book Report Book Review Synopsis Poem Letter Motivation letter Memo Scholarship essay Article writing Blog Article Annotated Bibliography Literature Review Outline Online Test Questions-Answers Multiple Choice Questions Interview Questionnaire Speech Dissertation Dissertation chapter – Abstract Dissertation chapter – Introduction Dissertation chapter – Hypothesis Dissertation chapter – Literature review Dissertation chapter – Methodology Dissertation chapter – Results Dissertation chapter – Discussion Dissertation chapter – Conclusion Thesis Thesis Proposal Thesis/dissertation chapter Capstone Project IB Extended Essay Lab Report Business Report Business plan Marketing Plan White paper Formatting Editing Proofreading Rewriting Revision Powerpoint Presentation Powerpoint Presentation Poster PDF Poster Excel Exercises High School College University Master’s PHD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500
SpacingTimeframesCurrencyTotal price
Single spaced Double spaced 11 days 9 days 7 days 5 days 4 days 3 days 48 hours 24 hours 12 hours 8 hours 6 hours 3 hours USD EUR GBP AUD

One of the questions that will be in the questionnaires is the number of times that each participant eats meat per week. Other questions include the last time when a participant ate meat and which type of meat he/she usually eats. The participants will also be required to state whether they have heard about obesity and what factors they thought contributed to the spread of obesity in Saudi Arabia. The number of questions in each questionnaire is 20. The first questions in the questionnaire will be easier to answer in order to encourage each participant to finish the questionnaire. At first, the questionnaires will be prepared in English and then translated into Arabic language because most Saudi Arabian citizens speak Arabic dialect. The questionnaires will be pretested prior to actual data collection. One of the questionnaires will be presented to an official in a healthcare facility in Saudi Arabia to establish whether the questions are relevant and reliable in collecting data concerning relationship between eating meat and obesity. After this, some of the questionnaires will be administered to 15 members of the sample group from Jeddah. The time that each respondent takes to fill the questionnaire will be noted. In addition, the respondents will be asked to indicate the questions that were unclear or hard to answer. The questionnaires will be revised considering the information collected from the pretest. Pretesting questionnaires are important due to many reasons. It helps researchers to gauge the responses that they may receive from the participants (Theodore, Yusuf & Martin, 2009). In addition, it helps the researchers to know some of the inappropriate questions to be changed or eliminated from a questionnaire.

Several measures were taken to ensure that the data collected from the questionnaires was accurate and reliable. All the data collecting and recording agents underwent extensive training. It helped to ensure that they recorded the data that was in the questionnaires. In addition, four independent people reviewed all the questions contained in the questionnaires. It helped in ensuring that the questionnaires collected accurate data for completeness and relevance of the study on whether meat consumption causes the increase in the obesity rates among the citizens in Saudi Arabia (Edwards et al, 2009). The number of participants who will return filled questionnaires will be recorded. This data will be useful when calculating the response rate of the questionnaires. In addition, data from questionnaires that were not filled appropriately will not be considered during analysis of the data collected from this study. It will help in ensuring that analysis of the results of the study is correct. In order to encourage high response rate among the participants, one of the participants will win an iPad.

d) Ethics

This research has put many ethical issues into considerations. Ethical authorization for the research will be obtained from the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia. Consent will be first obtained from all the participants before the study is carried out. Consent will be obtained through phone communication. The researchers will inform the participants about the information that this study seeks to obtain and ask them whether they are willing to participate in the study. In addition, all the participants will be assured of the confidentiality of all the data provided. In order to ensure that the confidentiality of the participants is maintained, the data from each participant will be assigned a random code identifying it (Rogelberg, 2002). In addition, the data will be stored in computers and will be protected using passwords. Only an authorized official managing this data will have the password. Each participant also has the free will to withdraw from the study in case he/she is not willing to give his personal data. This will help in ensuring that the participants are not coerced to participate in the study. The researchers will also not manipulate the collected data and they will use original data, provided by the participants when making conclusions about this study.

Stakeholder and Community Involvement

Stakeholders that are involved in this study include Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia, health committees in Ar-Riyadh, Jeddah, Makkah and Al-Madinah and governmental and non-governmental organizations that are concerned with the rising cases of obesity in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the community around the areas where the study will be conducted will be involved. One of the researchers collecting data in each area will be recruited from the local communities in these cities. In addition, some of the research participants will be citizens living in the rural communities of the area under study (Morrow, Boaz, Brearly and Ross, 2012). Elders of the communities under study will be asked to give their authority before members in their areas fill questionnaires. Youth groups in the areas under study will also be involved in this research. They will be asked to follow up questionnaires that are not returned by the participants of this study. Local hospitals in the area under study will be asked to provide information on prevalence of obesity in the area under study. In addition, businesses selling meat in the area under study will be asked to provide information on how frequent people purchase meat.

Importance of the Research

The findings from this study are important since they will help to inform people in Saudi Arabia how the consumption of meat increases the chances of becoming obese. It will make citizens in this country change their eating habits, making them eat more fruits and vegetables instead of meat. Due to this, diseases associated with obesity in this country will be reduced. This will help in reducing the number of deaths that are caused by diabetes (type 2) in this country. According to health experts, obese people are more likely to be diabetic compared to non-obese people. These experts argue that the only way that people can reduce the possibility of getting diabetes 2 is to lose weight, eat a balanced diet, exercise more and get enough sleep (World Health Organization, 2009). Considering the above facts, if obesity rates are reduced in Saudi Arabia diabetes rates in this country will be reduced as well.

Health experts have also warned that the increase of heart diseases in this country could be linked to the increase in obesity rates. Meat contains high cholesterol levels. Since people in Saudi Arabia like consuming meat, it increases their chances of developing coronary diseases since meat is high in cholesterol contents (Brewis, 2010). This research will also give recommendations to governmental and non-governmental organizations in Saudi Arabia on how they can encourage the citizens to reduce their meat consumption so that the obesity rates in this country can reduce. In addition, it will give policy makers insights on the policies that they can implement to reduce unhealthy eating habits among the Saudi Arabian citizens. This research also provides the additional scientific knowledge since it will show that obesity is caused not only by genetic factors and lack of exercise, but also by meat consumption.