| Informal Research and Organizational Behavior Essay Good thesis writing Essay done for you
The types of investigation can be classified into two main groups: scientific and informal research. Scientific research is a process, which involves data collection, analysis, and interpretation within a context. Information is founded on measurement or observation that must be free from emotions and bias. Hence, it is a systematic, objective, and controlled gathering of information. Researcher follows the established rules in collecting and evaluating statistics. The stages of scientific investigation are as follows: observation, hypothesis, forecast, experimentation, and conclusion. All parts of scientific (formal) research are depicted in detail.
Informal research is a set of data collection, which lacks the control and formalities of scientific system. It describes facts based on the insight of scientist. In such a way, it is random, subjective, and uncontrolled data collection. In informal research, there is a possibility that the result is untrue even when all the premises are correct. Such situation is impossible in scientific method, where the final decision comprises only that information, which is in the grouped premises.
Nevertheless, the term informal does not mean un-planned. Informal research should be carefully planned and executed for producing valuable results. The tools for informal investigation are mostly the same as those for formal search. For instance, informal brief surveys (the client satisfaction of services and products, data collection from personnel, short questionnaires, etc.) can include a review of finance and production using the scientific approach.
In fact, both formal and informal researches are essential for organization because they track public view regarding the issues of concern, monitor the external and internal environment and define potential conflicts before they arise.
Organizational behavior is associated with the investigation of group and individual changing aspects in organization and its nature, as well, usually with a system approach. Organizational behavior covers a wide range of issues such as teams, leadership, change, human behavior, etc. Since the base of organization rests on its goals, mission, vision, and values, it will be rather significant to center on the organizational culture.
Culture is a common behavior brought by society in organization that includes practices, knowledge, |s, and beliefs. It affects human behavior, and workers depend on culture. It determines the type of group dynamics, communication and leadership in organization, providing with the insight and capability to respond to a certain state of affairs. Employees perceive culture as their work life quality, which guides the degree of motivation. Personal growth and development, individual satisfaction, and performance are the final outcomes of successful organizational culture.
Thus, culture is a framework, on which the whole organization operates. The difficulty is that organization has to maintain its internal culture and change in accordance with the external environment in order to survive in the social system.
Organizational psychology and behaviorism are the scientific studies of separate and group behavior, which are rooted in the field of psychology. Verbal behavior, clinical psychology, cultural psychology, and organizational behavior management are among the interests of behavior analysts nowadays. In spite of the obvious comparisons, there are differences between behaviorism and organizational psychology.
Behaviorism is a psychological outlook, but its paradigm is founded on the relationship between environmental events and observable behaviors rather than on internal processes.Therefore, the study of psychology is concentrated on the objective behavior data in the case of behaviorism, and behavior is understood through terms of environmental signals and results. In other words, behaviorism inclines to use observable behavior as an explanation, evading reference to mental objects and events in general. On the other hand, organizational psychology is strongly focused on individual behavior in organizational settings and the inner aspect of organizational functioning.
As organizational behavior study puts emphasis not only on the individual performance in organization, but also on variables and processes at the macro-level like strategy and organizational structure, it tries to combine behaviorism and organizational psychology. Thus, in order to cover a larger variety of characteristics, organizational behavior accumulates the features of the two disciplines.